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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-9

Respiratory Health Hazards in Women

1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Surya Kant
Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow 226003
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jacp.jacp_17_18

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Respiratory tract diseases are public health problems, and these diseases affect the air passages, including the nasal passages, the bronchi, and the lungs. They range from acute infections, such as pneumonia and bronchitis, to chronic conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The prevalence of chronic respiratory morbidity among females is significantly higher compared to the general population of the country. It is a conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, the nerves, and muscles of breathing. Females had respiratory illness were also higher among the users of tobacco and alcohol. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting, such as the common cold, to life-threatening entities such as bacterial pneumonia, acute asthma, and lung cancer. When women must cope with respiratory disease in the face of significant psychological, social, or cultural challenges, such as depression, economic burdens, competing family responsibilities, or disease stigma, the risk of nonadherence may increase. Women response with drugs is a big issue, because women of child-bearing age were excluded from participating in clinical studies, and information regarding gender-dependent responses to drugs in general and to respiratory drugs specifically has been lacking.

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