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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-19

Fatal recurrence of pneumothorax in an adult dermatomyositis

Department of General Medicine, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Rakesh Agarwal
243, G.T Road (N), Laxmi Niketan, Flat 2E, Liluah, Howrah 711 204, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-8775.146846

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Dermatomyositis (DM) is an uncommon idiopathic inflammatory myopathy with characteristic cutaneous involvement that affects children and adults. Association of lung cancer and interstitial lung disease with DM has been well established, but spontaneous pneumothorax is rare. Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax as a fatal complication in adult DM has not been described until date. We report a rare case of the patient with adult DM who presented with severe dyspnea. Chest X-rays revealed it to be a case of spontaneous pneumothorax. She had a history of a similar episode 15 days back. In the hospital, she was treated with intercostal drain placement, but succumbed despite vigorous resuscitative effort. Our case attempts to highlights the importance of recognizing recurrent pneumothorax as a potential serious complication of the disease.

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