• Users Online: 158
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Clinico-demographic characteristic of multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis presenting to tertiary care hospital of India


1 Associate Professor & Head, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India
2 Senior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deependra Kumar Rai
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Science, Patna, Bihar 801505
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jacp.jacp_14_18

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is emerging as major problem due to poor management of drug-sensitive as well as drug-resistant TB. This study designs to assess clinical-demographic and radiological characteristic of MDR pulmonary tuberculosis. Material and method: This was a retrospective record-based study of 85 MDR pulmonary tuberculosis patients diagnosed in pulmonary medicine department AIIMS Patna between 1st Jan 2016 and 31st Dec 2017. All the socio-demographic and clinical-radiological features of MDR tuberculosis were entered in Microsoft Excel and compared. Results: Total 85 patients were diagnosed with MDR tuberculosis in 2016–2017 period. Seventy four patients fulfil inclusion criteria with mean age of 26.78±15.75. There were 56 (75.67%) males and 18 (24.32%) females. Out of 74 study patients, 19 (25.67%) occur in new cases. The most commonly present symptom in study patients was cough (100%) followed by fever, breathlessness, anorexia, and haemoptysis in decreasing order. On radiological examination, 56.75% patients had bilateral disease. The extent of chest X-ray involvement showed far advanced disease in 18.91% of the patients, moderately advanced disease in 67.56%, and 13.51% of the patients had minimal disease. HIV test result was performed in 58 patients in which 2 patients showed positive result (3.4%). Sputum for AFB was negative in 25 (34.72%) patients. Conclusion: High degree of suspicion was required even in sputum negative pulmonary tuberculosis as almost one-third of patients have sputum negative for acid base bacilli at the time of diagnosis.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed619    
    Printed73    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded149    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal